A symbiotic toilet and lighting system presenting human life as a beacon for biodiversity.


Seasonal patterns in temperatures and humidity are buffered by houses, yet extremes of the outdoors occur on a smaller scale (days to minutes, kilometers to centimeters). Despite offering stressful conditions, appliances from freezers to shower heads can support huge biodiversity, granting our indoor biome with otherworldly ecological niches. This hypothesis explores the extent to which the manufacture of these ecological niches can be stretched, reframes the dialogue away from the current cultural conception of interspecies spatial divides, and speculates how multiple species could coexist in harmony within the indoor environment.

Technological and political developments continue to change the relationship between house design and the outdoor environment. The indoor biome is now home to hundreds of thousands of species, currently covering approximately 0.5 % of ice-free land - an area almost as extensive as texas.  While other small biomes such as subtropical coniferous forests and flooded grasslands shrink, the indoor biome continues to rapidly grow. Urbanisation will only increase the number of species that evolve to persist indoors, but features of human culture have the potential to have large impacts on their evolution. It isn’t too strenuous to theorise a future world whereby the indoor biome is the predominant one, where it could be essential for the integration of species is to occur for lack of space.

In the year 2035, Newhope is a business operating within this reality, aiming to combat the desolation of natural ecosystems world wide by manufacturing new ones below Earth’s surface. From a dismal situation, Newhope offers something blissful. The purpose of their biological sewage and lighting systems is the enhancement of the natural world and its interrelationship with human society. Newhope’s manufactured ecosystem and multispecies environment suggests an alternative way of integrating humans into the ecosystem concept, representing the potential of human life as a beacon for biodiversity.